The placement of the farms is convenient for other study ventures as well: the Sonning facility is near the Thames, whilst the Arborfield and Shinfield farms are very close to wild habitats such as Bear Wood. The University's farms are useful for the School of Biological Sciences and will give you a chance to potentially meet with peers from Food and Nutritional Sciences and Agriculture, Policy and Development. This is a great opportunity for a biologist, as the wider context of these other sciences is often interrelated with the work of biological work.
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Working farms A working commercial farm managed by the University. But there are specific reasons for optimism.
In the nonprofit sector, Embrapa, the Federal University of Mato Grosso UFMT , and other research agencies are all developing new seeds, climate models and soil technology to further boost crop yields. Lab results were promising, and he begins tests on farms in November.
The more time I spent in Mato Grosso, the more obvious these problems became.
One morning, I drove along a stretch of BR, the so-called soybean highway critical for getting crops to port. In , former President Dilma Rousseff presented a concession plan in which the private sector would upgrade BR and other highways in return for the right to charge tolls. But locals said virtually no work had been done for months, forcing us to drive along an older, potholed access road instead.
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Such issues make a bad situation even worse. Transportation sucks up one-third of soybean revenue and two-thirds of corn revenue, said Wellington Rodrigues de Andrade of the Mato Grosso Soybean and Corn Producers Association, Aprosoja. Private concessions are an obvious solution, but the terms need to improve.
According to a CPI study, complex regulations under Rousseff scared away many potential investors, which led the government to offer hidden subsidies such as low-interest loans to get the projects done. That shifted the financial burden onto taxpayers while also opening the bidding to weaker applicants often unable to complete the work. Turquino knows this all too well. Because of environmental regulations, she and other farmers within the Amazon are required to preserve 80 percent of their land as forest and can only produce on 20 percent.
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This in itself is not a problem. But in practice, she farms on only 12 percent because of a decade-long delay in getting official authorization from state and federal environmental agencies to clear new fields. While she waits, other farmers who cleared their land illegally were granted amnesty under a new Forestry Code passed in President Temer came to power in May under disputed circumstances, and will only be in power through Traumann, the political analyst, said such legislation could attract Chinese companies that would make investments in soy production.
He also expects the Temer administration to try to clear away some environmental licensing hurdles. Faced with such uncertainty, people in Mato Grosso are taking matters into their own hands.
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With farms increasingly needing skilled labor, the mayor of Feliz Natal hired a private consultancy to assist the public school in training teachers and raising student test scores. Not one to sit idle, she told me of plans for a weeklong road trip deep into the Amazon in her pickup. Kurczy traveled to Mato Grosso as a special correspondent for AQ. As other industries falter, agribusiness could be the key to Brazil's recovery. Saved by Soy On my way to the Turquino farm, was constantly gripping my seat to brace for the impact of the next Mack truck that might suddenly emerge from the clouds of dust and collide with my tiny Subaru.
In a word: corruption. Temer's To-Do List How common are such initiatives? What can investors and farmers expect in coming years?